Restrictive U.S. immigration policies put in place during the pandemic could be permanent.
The Trump administration is continuing to advance policies to restrict legal immigration, halting the flow of foreign workers and raising the bar for asylum seekers hoping for sanctuary, including making permanent some of the rules put in place as “emergency” restrictions for the coronavirus.
Among those rules are regulations that would raise the standard of proof for migrants hoping to obtain asylum and allow immigration judges to deny applications for protection without an opportunity to testify in court, the New York Times correspondents Zolan Kanno-Youngs and Maggie Haberman write.
If adopted, the regulations would cement restrictions extended last month that in effect blocked tens of thousands of migrants from seeking asylum at the southwestern border. In April, President Trump issued an executive order temporarily suspending the issuance of green cards to many outside the United States, and he is expected to limit certain visas issued to immigrants seeking temporary work in the country.
White House officials said those moves were needed to conserve American jobs and prevent potential outbreaks during a pandemic that has left tens of millions out of work and ravaged the economy, despite multiple studies that show immigrants bolster the economy.
The Department of Homeland Security has pointed to the pandemic in “expelling” more than 20,000 migrants to Mexico and their home countries without providing due process. In the coming days, Customs and Border Protection is expected to announce an increase in the number of migrants turned away under that policy, which is intended to last for the duration of the pandemic.
When President Vladimir V. Putin rescheduled Russia’s annual day of military parades for later this month, he cast it as a sign that life in the virus-stricken nation was returning to normal. But growing numbers of regional officials are refusing to hold such parades, saying the pandemic remains too dangerous.
At least 12 major Russian cities have said in recent days that they will not hold a parade on June 24, the day that Mr. Putin decreed Russia would publicly commemorate the 75th anniversary of the Soviet Union’s victory over the Nazis in World War II.
In Moscow, where the country’s main parade is still on, city authorities are signaling they will try to arrange the event without the usual throngs of residents pushing up against barricades to watch intercontinental ballistic missile launchers roll by.
“Yes, official events will take place,” Mayor Sergey S. Sobyanin of Moscow said on state television Thursday, “but it’s best you watch them on TV.”
The pared-back festivities underscore how the coronavirus continues to thwart Mr. Putin’s plans in what was supposed to be a marquee year for the man who has ruled Russia for two decades. With Mr. Putin’s approval rating at a 20-year low amid discontent over his handling of the pandemic, the Kremlin is scrambling to drum up public enthusiasm ahead of a delayed nationwide referendum that would allow Mr. Putin to stay in office until 2036.
That referendum is now scheduled for July 1. Mr. Putin says that the coronavirus situation in Russia has stabilized even though the country is continuing to report close to 9,000 new cases per day. Its total of 511,423 cases is the third-highest in the world after the United States and Brazil.
After spending much of the spring governing by videoconference from his country residence, Mr. Putin made his first public appearance in weeks on Friday in an outdoor award ceremony in Moscow. Television footage showed him chatting casually with the award winners, not wearing a mask.
For many parents, the most pressing question as the nation emerges from pandemic lockdown is when they can send their children to school, camp or child care.
We asked more than 500 epidemiologists and infectious disease specialists when they expect to restart 20 activities of daily life, assuming that the coronavirus pandemic and the public health response to it unfold as they expect. On sending children to school, camp or child care, 70 percent said they would do so either right now, later this summer or in the fall — much sooner than most said they would resume other activities that involved big groups of people gathering indoors. Others, though, said they would wait for a vaccine, which could take a year or more.
Some expanded on their thoughts. They said they were assessing regional data, like the rate of infection transmission in their area, and the safety measures schools are taking. They’re also considering their own situations, like their family’s health risks, their work demands and their children’s academic, social and emotional lives. Several said school was so important — both for their own careers and for their children’s development — that they were willing to take a risk that they would not for something less valuable.
Epidemiologists’ informal motto is “It depends.” They cautioned that they might change their planning depending on these and other variables. Their estimates are not advice, but the range of their responses and the comments below give a sense of how experts are considering this difficult question in their lives.
Where cases are rising, reopening is still mostly full speed ahead, but there are some ‘yellow lights.’
As the United States emerges from virus-related lockdowns, officials are taking a varied approach as they try to return to some form of normal while acknowledging the public health threat that the pandemic poses.
Underscoring that tension, President Trump is resuming indoor campaign rallies this month, but a disclaimer on his campaign website says that attendees cannot sue the campaign or the venue if they contract the virus at his June 19 rally in Tulsa, Okla.
The Republican National Committee also confirmed on Thursday that Mr. Trump would deliver his Aug. 27 convention speech in Jacksonville, Fla., after his demands for an event without social-distancing rules led to a rift with Democratic leaders in North Carolina, where the Republican convention was originally planned. An R.N.C. official would not say what, if any, safety precautions would be put in place.
Elsewhere around the United States:
Gov. Kate Brown of Oregon said on Thursday that she was pausing efforts to reopen the state’s economy for a week because of a recent rise in virus cases. Ms. Brown said her state — which has had one of the lowest rates of confirmed cases per capita in the nation — was placing county applications for reopenings on hold to give public health experts time to ensure that the virus wasn’t spreading too quickly. She described the move as a “yellow light.”
Puerto Rico, which had one of the earliest and strictest lockdowns in the nation, said that much of its economy would reopen next week and that tourists would be welcome again starting July 15. Beaches, where access has been permitted only for exercise, will be fully open next week but will close if people start holding large parties, Gov. Wanda Vázquez said.
In Maryland, the state’s top health official pushed back after the governor announced an easing of restrictions on indoor gatherings. While Maryland’s rate of new cases has been decreasing in recent weeks, the state reported more than 500 new cases on Wednesday.
Gov. Brian Kemp of Georgia signed an executive order lifting the limit on the number of people who can sit together in restaurants and decreeing that servers do not have to wear masks except when interacting with customers. The order, which goes into effect on Tuesday, also says bars can now accommodate up to 50 people or 35 percent of total listed fire capacity, and removes the limit on the number of people who can sit together at indoor movie theaters.
Education Secretary Betsy DeVos issued an emergency rule barring colleges from granting virus relief funds to foreign and undocumented students, including tens of thousands protected under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrival program, or DACA.
Professional golf returned from a 90-day hiatus on Thursday, when the PGA Tour’s Charles Schwab Challenge teed off in Fort Worth without fans present. “It was interesting but nice to not have to worry about anybody saying something weird,” said the golfer Bryson DeChambeau.
Global stocks began to recover on Friday, one day after a sharp plunge on Wall Street seemed to bring a weekslong rally to a crushing end.
European markets were mildly higher in early trading. That followed a slump in most Asia-Pacific markets that was not quite as severe as Wall Street’s plunge on Thursday.
Futures markets were predicting that Wall Street would open more than 1 percent higher. Prices for U.S. Treasury bonds, often seen as a haven by investors, were lower in Asian trading.
Stocks in the United States took a sharp tumble on Thursday, with the S&P 500 index falling nearly 6 percent. The drop was a sudden reversal of weeks of bullish investor sentiment despite the major disruptions to the global economy caused by the coronavirus, as well as other worries like protests in American cities and worsening relations between the United States and China.
While world markets showed signs of stabilizing on Friday, some indicators still reflected deep investor worries. Oil prices, which cratered on Thursday, continued to fall on Friday.
The widow of a Chinese doctor who was censured by the police when he sought to warn colleagues about Covid-19 gave birth to a second son on Friday, a little more than four months after her husband succumbed to the disease.
The widow, Fu Xuejie, posted a photo of her baby on a WeChat account with a message to her late husband, Dr. Li Wenliang: “Husband can you see from heaven? The final gift you gave to me was born today. I will take great care to love and protect our family.” In an interview with local media, Ms. Fu said, “In life he was the most tender husband and father, any need his wife or children had, he would spare no effort to meet.”
Dr. Li was among the first to warn about the coronavirus outbreak, in late December.
While Dr. Li’s personal legacy may be secure, the political impact of his death is not yet certain. When he died in February at 34, he became a symbol of the cost of the authorities’ efforts to withhold information and silence whistle-blowers. Huge numbers of people posted messages on Chinese social media mourning him. His now famous quote, “I think a healthy society should not have just one voice,” led to rare calls for freedom of speech.
In the months since, Beijing has waged a censorship and propaganda campaign to co-opt that story. State media now lionize Dr. Li, an ophthalmologist in Wuhan, as a front-line worker symbolic of the many Chinese medical professionals who gave their lives combating Covid-19.
News of the birth at a hospital in Wuhan was widely publicized in China. Online, posters expressed a bittersweet mixture of grief and joy. One commenter called him the son of a hero, while another likened him to Harry Potter, born to a great father, tragically dead. Others hinted at Dr. Li’s contested legacy.
“I hope when the child grows up he won’t be lectured for telling the truth,” wrote one commenter.
GLOBAL ROUND UP
Doctors in India end a strike that left Covid-19 patients unattended.
Hundreds of doctors in southern India ended a two-day strike on Friday that had left hundreds of coronavirus patients without care.
The strike by doctors at several hospitals in Telangana State began after some of them were assaulted by relatives of a 55-year-old Covid-19 patient at Gandhi General Hospital in Hyderabad, the state capital. Doctors said the man collapsed and died in the hospital after trying to walk to the bathroom against medical advice.
The absence of doctors during the strike at Gandhi General, one of the area’s largest hospitals, produced chaotic scenes in which hundreds of Covid-19 patients were seen milling around its corridors.
The strike ended just as Indian officials announced nearly 11,000 new cases nationwide, the country’s highest single-day toll yet. India’s total caseload, which is approaching 300,000, has overtaken Britain’s to become the world’s fourth-largest.
A representative for the doctors, Dr. Lohith Reddy, said that they called off the strike only after the authorities agreed to distribute patients more equally across the state and deploy Special Forces outside some hospitals.
“If the government doesn’t fulfill its commitments in 15 days, the strike will resume,” he said. “We are already overburdened and we can’t handle rowdy crowds and those who beat doctors.”
India is one of many developing nations where leaders feel they have no choice but to prioritize reopenings and accept surging infections. Yet its public health system is severely strained, and experts believe it may reach a breaking point as Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government continues to ease a nationwide lockdown.
Elsewhere around the world:
Britain’s economy collapsed by 20.3 percent in April compared with the month before, a record contraction. The data reflects the first full month of Britain’s lockdown during the pandemic, and will most likely add to the push to accelerate the relaxation of rules that have restricted economic activity.
Twitter said Thursday that China has stepped up its effort to spread misinformation on the platform by creating tens of thousands of fake accounts that discussed the Communist Party’s response to the virus and the Hong Kong protests. The company said it had removed 23,750 accounts that were “highly engaged” in a coordinated effort to spread misinformation, and 150,000 others that were dedicated to amplifying China’s messages through likes and retweets.
The local government in Beijing said on Friday that it would suspend the resumption of school for young primary school students after the appearance of three new cases of Covid-19 in the city. The change affects almost half a million students who were supposed to return to school on Monday. The Beijing Municipal Education Commission did not set a new date for class resumption.
In China’s Hubei Province, where the outbreak originated, the local government said it would lower its emergency response rating after reporting no new cases on Thursday, according to the state media. The province, whose capital is Wuhan, still had 18 asymptomatic cases under observation.
The mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, citing concern over the coronavirus and disorder and vandalism, urged residents to “please stay at home over the next few days and find a safe way to make your voices heard.” Mr. Khan said he stood with “the millions of people around the world who are saying loud and clear that Black Lives Matter.”
Spain’s government is allowing the Balearic Islands to admit visitors from Germany beginning Monday, even as Spain plans to lift a quarantine order for other foreign visitors on July 1. For weeks, the regional authorities of the Balearic archipelago had been pushing for an early reopening of their tourism sector, arguing that Covid-19 had been contained on the islands and also noting that many Germans own houses there
New York churches offer virus testing to communities that need it most.
Over the past few weeks, 24 New York City churches serving communities of color have been transformed into mini-clinics offering free coronavirus tests to all comers.
The initiative, a partnership of the churches, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo’s office and Northwell Health, aims to expand testing among black and Hispanic residents, who have been disproportionately affected by the pandemic. Nearly 20,000 coronavirus tests were administered in the initial round of screening, during the first 10 days of May.
Black and Latino New Yorkers have succumbed to Covid-19, the illness caused by the coronavirus, at twice the rate of whites, a result of entrenched economic and health disparities, denser housing and a higher risk of exposure on the job.
Participants were asked to preregister by phone, but walk-ins were accommodated so long as they lined up six feet apart and wore masks. Results from that first round of testing at the churches revealed that of 1,000 residents who had symptoms and sought diagnostic testing, nearly 9 percent were positive for the coronavirus.
Of the 18,000 residents who underwent antibody testing, nearly one in three showed evidence of past exposure to the coronavirus.
An additional round of testing at churches in New York City, the Hudson Valley and on Long Island started June 1 and will continue through June 19. The effort has been so successful that it may continue this summer.
Australia has eliminated the coronavirus in many areas of the country, its chief medical officer, Brendan Murphy, told reporters on Friday, as more than half of the 38 cases reported over the past week were travelers returning from abroad and remaining quarantined.
The last Covid-19 death in Australia was registered on May 23, when the death toll reached 102, and the country has recorded nearly 7,300 cases, over 500 of which remain active. Most of the hospitalizations are in New South Wales, where Sydney is located.
The authorities plan to ease restrictions on indoor gatherings in July, when stadiums will be allowed to host up to 10,000 people. Australia is also preparing for the return of foreign university students, a major source of income for the country.
The news on Friday came as the prime minister, Scott Morrison, has urged Australian states to reopen internal borders, which have remained to prevent the virus from spreading from hard-hit areas like Sydney and Melbourne.
The authorities have warned, though, that plans to reopen might be hindered by rallies in support of the Black Lives Matter movement, which have attracted crowds of thousands in Sydney.
Reporting was contributed by Mike Baker, Kate Conger, Rick Gladstone, Jenny Gross, Mike Ives, Annie Karni, Chang W. Lee, Paul Mozur, Roni Caryn Rabin, Frances Robles, Kaly Soto, Chris Stanford, Eileen Sullivan, Carlos Tejada, Anton Troianovski, Sameer Yasir, Zolan Kanno-Youngs and Maggie Haberman.