The Chadema party allege that ballot boxes were tampered with during Wednesday’s election

Police in Tanzania have arrested the chairman of the main opposition party in the wake of a disputed election.

Freeman Mbowe was detained, along with two other Chadema leaders, for planning violent protests, according to the police.

CCM candidate President John Magufuli was re-elected with 84% of the vote, Friday’s official results showed.

But the opposition said Wednesday’s poll was fraudulent and called for peaceful demonstrations.

Chadema’s presidential candidate Tundu Lissu told the BBC’s Newsday programme that he had also heard of the arrest of party leaders in other parts of the country.

Mr Lissu received 13% of the vote, the National Electoral Commission (NEC) said. He alleged last week that his party agents had been prevented from entering some polling stations where ballot boxes were tampered with.

Over the weekend, the leaders of Chadema, including Mr Mbowe, and another opposition party, ACT-Wazalendo, urged their supporters to come out in large numbers to peacefully protest and demand fresh elections.

But the police have said that intelligence reports suggested that the opposition was planning to burn down markets and petrol stations.

ACT-Wazalendo leader Zitto Kabwe said on Saturday that the decision to protest was for “the future of our country”.

“We cannot accept going back to a one-party system,” he added.

CCM governed Tanzania from 1977 to 1992 as the only legally allowed party, and has won every multiparty election since. It was formed in a merger of the Tanganyika African National Union, which governed from independence in 1961.

Mr Magufuli was first elected in 2015.

Tundu Lissu
Tundu Lissu said there had been widespread fraud and intimidation

As of 09:00 local time (06:00 GMT) on Monday no demonstrations had been reported in mainland Tanzania or on the semi-autonomous islands of Zanzibar, the BBC’s Athuman Mtulya reports from the main city Dar es Salaam.

Police have threatened to use force to detain anyone who takes part in street demonstrations.

The NEC has dismissed the opposition’s claims of fraud and its head, Semistocles Kaijage, said allegations of fake ballot papers were unsubstantiated.

And on Friday an observer mission from the East African Community said that the election was “conducted in a regular manner”.

Last week, the US embassy in Dar es Salaam said that “irregularities and the overwhelming margins of victory raise serious doubts about the credibility of the results… as well as concerns about the government of Tanzania’s commitment to democratic values”.

Voter in Tanzania on 28 October 2020
Presidential and parliamentary elections took place last week

As well as taking part in the Tanzanian elections, voters on Zanzibar were also electing their own president, and the CCM candidate Hussein Mwinyi was declared the winner with 76% of the votes.

His main rival, ACT-Wazalendo’s Maalim Seif Sharif got 19% – his biggest defeat in any presidential election he has taken part in. He also called for protests.

Mr Mwinyi has now been sworn in.

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