Police in South Africa and China have seized thousands of doses of counterfeit Covid-19 vaccine and made dozens of arrests, Interpol reports.
Three Chinese nationals and a Zambian were detained at a warehouse in Gauteng, South Africa, where ampoules containing 2,400 doses were discovered.
In China, police made 80 arrests at a factory allegedly making fake vaccine, where at least 3,000 doses were found.
Interpol said it was also getting reports of other fake vaccine rings.
Interpol, short for the International Criminal Police Organization which is based in Lyon, France, facilitates international co-operation between police forces and crime control.
The Covid-19 pandemic has claimed more than 2.5 million lives worldwide and infected nearly 115 million people, according to a Johns Hopkins University estimate.
Vaccines are a vital tool for overcoming the pandemic and competition is fierce worldwide following the approval of a growing number of brands by medical authorities in recent months.
Announcing the dismantling of the suspected fake vaccine network, Interpol stressed that no approved vaccines were “currently available for sale online”.
“Any vaccine being advertised on websites or the dark web, will not be legitimate, will not have been tested and may be dangerous,” it said.
What exactly did police uncover?
In Germiston, Gauteng, South African police found about 400 vials – the equivalent of around 2,400 doses – of fake vaccine as well as a “large quantity” of fake 3M masks, Interpol said.
It released images of boxes and packages in the warehouse.
Brigadier Vish Naidoo, South African Police national spokesperson, said that co-operation with other Interpol member states was proving “very effective”, as witnessed by the “arrest of foreign nationals attempting to peddle fake vaccines to unsuspecting people within South Africa”.
South Africa only started vaccinating its population on 17 February after concerns over the efficacy of vaccines against a new variant of Covid-19.
No location or further details were given for the counterfeit factory in China which was, Interpol said, investigated with the help of its Illicit Goods and Global Health Programme.
A spokesperson for the Chinese ministry of public security said police there were conducting a “targeted campaign to prevent and crack down on crimes related to vaccines” and would step up constructive co-operation with Interpol and police in other countries to effectively prevent such crimes.
How big is the problem of fake vaccines?
Interpol Secretary General Jürgen Stock said that while the police operations in South Africa and China were welcome, this was “only the tip of the iceberg” when it came to Covid-19 vaccine-related crime.
In December, the organisation issued a global alert warning police in its 194 member countries to prepare for organised crime networks targeting Covid-19 vaccines, and gave advice about how to spot fake medical products.
The man, identified as Kong, had researched the packaging designs of real vaccines before making more than 58,000 of his own doses. He was among 70 people arrested for similar crimes.
According to a court ruling, Kong and his team had made a profit of 18m yuan ($2.78m; £2m) by putting saline solution or mineral water in syringes and hawking them as Covid vaccines.
A batch of the fake vaccines was smuggled overseas but it was not known at the time where they had been sent to.
In a case in Mexico last month, police arrested six people for allegedly trafficking fake Covid-19 vaccines in the northern border state of Nuevo León.
The suspects are said to have offered vaccines for sale for the equivalent of around $2,000 per dose at a clinic in a suburb of Monterrey.